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常用護理英語術語

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   常用護理英文術語
  nursing processes 護理過程
  assessment 估計
  nursing diagnosis 護理診斷
  planning 計劃
  intervention (implementation, management) 措施(實施、管理)
  evaluation 評價daily care of the patient 對病人的日常護理
  morning (evening) care, am (hs) care 晨(晚)間護理
  bedmaking 整理床鋪
  oral hygiene (mouth care) 口腔衛生
  brushing the teeth 刷牙
  flossing the teeth 清牙垢
  denture care 清洗假牙
  bathing 洗澡
  cleanliness and skin care 清潔與皮膚護理
  perineal care 洗會陰
  hair 梳頭
  shaving 刮臉
  care of nails and feet 指甲修剪和洗腳
  changing hospital gowns 更換住院服裝
  massage 按摩
  bedsore care 褥瘡護理measurement of vital signs 測量生命體征
  taking oral (rectal, axillary) temperature
  量口腔(直腸、腋下)體溫
  taking a radial pulse 測量橈動脈脈搏
  counting respirations 計呼吸次數
  measuring (taking) blood pressure 量血壓catheterization 導管插入術
  cardiac catheterization 心導管插入術
  laryngeal catheterization喉插管術
  retro-urethral catheterization 逆行導尿管插入術
  urethral catheterization 尿道導管插入術clean techniques, medical asepsis 消毒滅菌
  asepsis 無菌(法)
  integral asepsis 完全無菌
  disinfection 消毒
  concomitant (concurrent) disinfection 隨時消毒,即時消毒
  steam disinfection 蒸汽消毒
  terminal disinfection 終末消毒
  disinfection by ultraviolet light 紫外線消毒
  sterilization 滅菌,消毒
  chemical sterilization 化學滅菌法
  fractional sterilization 間歇滅菌法
  intermittent sterilization 間歇滅菌法
  mechanical sterilization 器械滅菌法decompression 減壓(術)
  oardiac decompression 心減壓術
  cerebral decompression 腦減壓術
  orbital decompression 眼眶減壓術
  decompression of decompression 心包減壓術
  gastro-intestinal decompression 胃腸減壓術
  decompression of rectum 直腸減壓術
  decompression of spinal cord 脊髓減壓術dialysis透析
  peritoneal dialysis腹膜透析
  hemodialysis 血液透析drainage 引流、導液
  aspiration (suction) drainage 吸引導液(引流)
  closed drainage 關閉引流法
  negative pressure drainage 負壓吸引法
  open drainage 開放引流法
  postural drainage 體位引流法
  vaginal drainage 陰道引流法
  vesicocelomic drainage 膀胱腹腔引流drainage 灌腸
  barium enema鋇灌腸
  blind enema肛管排氣法
  contrast enema對比灌腸
  glycerin enema甘油灌腸
  high (low) enema 高(低)位灌腸
  magnesium sulfate enema 硫酸鎂灌腸
  retention (non-retention) enema 保留(無保留)灌腸
  soapsuds enema 肥皂水灌腸
  turpentine enema 松節油灌腸feeding 飼,喂養
  forced (forcible) feeding 強制喂養
  intubtaion (tube) feeding 管飼法
  nasal feeding 鼻飼法
  rectal feeding 直腸營養法heat and clod applications 冷、熱敷
  applying hot compresses 熱敷
  applying hot soaks 濕熱敷
  assisting the patient to take a sitz bath 幫病人坐浴
  applying hot water bottles 用熱水瓶
  applying an ice bag (collar0 用冰袋
  applying cold compresses 冷敷
  giving a cold (an alcohol) sponge bath 冷水(酒精)擦浴infusion 輸入,注入
  glucose infusion 葡萄糖液輸注
  glucose-saline infusion 葡萄糖-鹽水輸注
  saline infusion 鹽水輸注
  injection 注射
  endermic (intracutaneous) injection 皮內注射
  hypertonic saline injection 高滲鹽水注射
  hypodermic injection 皮下注射
  intramuscular injection 肌內注射
  intraocular injection 眼球注射
  intrapleural injection 胸膜腔注射
  intrauterine injection 子宮內注射
  nasal injection 鼻內注射
  peritoneal injection 腹膜腔注射
  rectal injection 直腸注射
  subconjunctival injection 結膜下注射
  urethral injection 尿道注射
  vaginal injection 陰道注射irrigation 沖洗
  vaginal irrigation 陰道沖洗
  bladder irrigation 膀胱沖洗
  continuous irrigation 連續沖洗法
  mediate irrigation 間接沖洗法isolation 隔離、分離
  strict isolation 嚴密隔離
  contact isolation 接觸隔離
  respiratory isolation 呼吸隔離
  drainage (secretion) precautions 引流預防措施
  enteric precautions 腸道預防措施
  blood (body fluid) precautions 血液(體液)預防措施
  protective isolation 保護性隔離lavage 灌洗
  blood (systemic) lavage 血液毒素清洗法
  ether lavage (腹腔內)乙醚洗法
  gastric lavage 洗胃
  intestinal lavage 洗腸
  peritoneal lavage 腹膜腔灌洗
  pleural lavage 胸膜腔灌洗medication 藥療,投藥,給藥
  endermic medication 皮內透藥法
  hypodermatic medication 皮下投藥法
  intramuscular medication 肌肉投藥法
  ionic medication 離子透藥療法
  nasal medication 鼻內投藥法
  oral medication 口服法
  rectal medication 直腸投藥法
  sublingual medication 舌下投藥法
  transduodenal medication 十二指腸內投藥法
  vaginal medication 陰道投藥法
  suctioning 吸氣引液
  upper airway suctioning 上呼吸道抽吸法
  nasogastric suctioning 鼻胃抽吸
  wound suctioning 傷口吸引transfusion 輸血
  arterial transfusion 動脈輸血
  blood transfusion 輸血
  direct (immediate ) transfusion 直接輸血
  drip transfusion 滴注輸(血)液
  indirect transfusion 間接輸血
  plasma transfusion 輸血漿
  serum transfusion 輸血清
  venous transfusion 靜脈輸血,靜脈輸液diet nursing 伙食護理
  absolute diet (fasting) 禁食
  balanced diet 均衡伙食
  convalescent diet 恢復期飲食
  diabetic diet 糖尿病飲食
  eucaloric diet 適當熱量飲食
  fat-free diet 無脂飲食
  salt-free diet 無鹽飲食
  fever diet 熱病飲食
  full diet 全食,普通飲食
  half diet 半食
  high caloric diet 高熱量飲食
  high-carbohydrate diet 高糖類飲食
  high-protein (protein rich) diet 高蛋白飲食
  invalid diet 病弱者飲食
  light diet 易消化飲食
  liquid diet 流質飲食
  high fat diet 高脂飲食
  low fat diet 低脂飲食
  low caloric diet 低熱量飲食
  low-protein diet 低蛋白飲食
  low-residue diet 低渣飲食
  nourishing diet 滋補飲食
  obesity diet 肥胖病飲食
  prenatal diet 孕期飲食
  regimen diet 規定食譜
  smooth (soft) diet 細軟飲食preparing the patient for the surgery 為病人手術前做準備
  shaving the patient's skin (skin prep) 備皮
  anesthesia 麻醉postoperative care 手術后護理
  coughing and deep-breathing exercises 咳嗽呼吸練習
  applying elastic stockings 穿彈性襪
  applying elastic bandages 用彈性繃帶emergency care (first aid) 急救護理
  cardiopulmonary resuscitation 心肺循環復蘇術
  mouth-to-mouth(mouth-to-nose,mouth-to-stoma) resuscitation
  口對口(口對鼻,口對頸部小口)循環復蘇術
  emergency care for fainting (shock, stroke) victims
  昏厥(休克、中風)患者急救
  emergency care used to control hemorrhage 止血急救
  emergency care given to help a patient who is vomiting
  嘔吐患者急救
  emergency care for a patient during a seizure 癲癇發作急救


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