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兒科醫學英語詞匯

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        兒科學pediatrics
  兒童保健child care
  疾病防治disease prevention
  營養基礎basal nutrition
  嬰兒喂養infants' feeding
  營養不良malnutrition
  小兒肥胖obesity in childhood
  解剖anatomy
  生理生化physiology and biochemistry
  營養代謝nutrition and metabolism
  免疫immunity
  病理pathology
  疾病的種類variety of disease
  臨床表現clinical situation
  診斷diagnosis
  治療:treatment
  預后:prognosis
  預防:prevention
  胎兒期:fetal stage
  胚卵期ovigerm stage
  胚胎期embryo stage
  新生兒期:neonatal period
  臍帶omphalus
  足月兒term infant
  早產兒premature
  過期產兒post term infant
  圍產期perinatal stage
  嬰兒期:infancy
  幼兒期:toddler period
  學齡期:school age
  青春期:adolescence
  遺傳inheritance
  性別sex
  內分泌endocrine
  孕母情況mother's condition
  營養nutrition
  生活環境living environment
  急性感染acute infection
  慢性疾病chronic disease
  消化道疾病disease of digestive tract
  內分泌疾病endocrine disease
  先天性疾病congenital disease
  體格生長:physique growth
  攝入不足insufficiency of intake
  胎糞排出excretion of meconium
  水分丟失loss of moist
  生長高峰summit of growth
  臥位clinostatasm
  站立位erect position
  頭頂vertex
  恥骨聯合上緣superior margin of pubic symphysis
  足底sole
  臍nave
  頭圍:head circumference
  胸圍:chest circumference
  顱骨:cranium
  顱縫cranial sutures
  前囟anterior fontanel
  后囟posterior
  脊柱:rachis
  長骨:long bone
  干骺端metaphysis
  軟骨骨化cartilaginous ossification
  骨膜下成骨subperiosteum ossification
  乳牙deciduous teeth
  恒牙permanent teeth
  (乳牙)萌出eruption
  神經系統nervous system
  脊髓spinal cord
  運動發育:motor development
  發音器官organs of voicing
  聽覺sense of hearing
  大腦語言中樞cerebral language center
  語言交流communication
  護理:nursing
  計劃免疫:planned immunity
  心理衛生:mental health
  生活習慣living habit
  社會適應能力social adaptation
  親情 parent-child relationship
  健康查體:physical examination
  隨訪follow-up
  戶外活動open field activity
  身體撫觸 stroking massage
  窒息apnea
  中毒intoxication
  外傷trauma
  預防接種:vaccination
  主動免疫active immunity
  被動免疫passive immunity
  預防接種vaccination
  小兒傳染病infectious disease
  卡介苗 bacillus calmette-guerin vaccine, bcg vaccine
  脊髓灰質炎疫苗 polimyelitis vaccine
  麻疹疫苗 measles vaccine
  百白破三聯疫苗 pertussis-diphtheria-tetanus triple vaccine
  乙肝疫苗hepatitis b vaccine
  初種primary vaccination
  復種revaccination
  不良反應reaction
  熱量的需要:caloric requirement
  基礎代謝:basal metabolism
  排泄 excretion
  蛋白質:protein
  碳水化合物:carbohydrate
  脂肪:fat
  維生素:vitamins
  水溶性維生素:water-soluble vitamin
  脂溶性維生素:fat-soluble vitamin
  礦物質:mineral
  膳食纖維:dietary fiber
  母乳喂養:breast feeding
  母乳的成分:component of mother's milk
  免疫物質:immune material
  免疫球蛋白:immune gloulin
  補體:complement
  乳鐵蛋白:lactoferrin
  溶菌酶:lysozyme
  雙歧因子:bifidus factor
  細胞成分:components of cells
  慢性消耗性疾病:chronic consumptions
  精神障礙:mental disorders
  急性傳染病:acute infectious diseases
  斷奶:weaning
  人工喂養:bottle-feeding
  稀釋:dilution
  加糖:add sugar
  煮沸:boiling
  定時定量:time and rationed feeding
  個體差異:individual difference
  混合喂養mixed feeding
  大小便:defecation
  代授法:breast-bottle-feeding
  補授法:supplemental feeding
  輔食添加:the introduction of solid food
  營養不良malnutrition
  代謝異常developmental and metabolic disorder
  臨床分型:clinical typing
  消瘦型marasmus malnutrition
  浮腫型edema malnutrition
  消瘦-浮腫型marasmus—edema malnutrition
  病因:etiological factor
  攝入不足:deficiency of intake
  輔食添加不及時:introduction of solid food
  飲食結構不合理:incorrect components of diet
  不良飲食習慣:bad eating habit
  消化吸收障礙:disorder of digestion and absorption
  消化道先天畸形:congenital anomaly of digestive tract
  先天性代謝障礙:congenital dysbolism
  消化功能紊亂:disorder of digestive function
  需求增多:requirement increases
  生長發育迅速的時期:the period when children grow rapidly
  疾病恢復期:recovery phase of diseases
  雙胎或多胎:twins or multiplets
  早產:premature
  消耗性疾病consumptions
  病理生理:pathophysiology
  代謝異常:dysbolism
  體溫調節:thermoregulation
  機體各系統功能低下:incapacity of body systems
  消化系統:digestive system
  循環系統:circulatory system
  泌尿系統:urinary system
  神經系統:nervous system
  免疫系統:immune system
  臨床表現:clinical situation
  皮下脂肪subcutaneous fat
  腹abdomen
  軀干trunk
  臀breech
  四肢extremities
  面頰cheeks
  皮膚skin
  干燥dehydration
  蒼白pale;
  肌肉muscles
  松弛laxity
  萎縮atrophy;
  精神狀態mental status
  萎靡dispirited
  反應差low response;
  全身癥狀general symptoms
  并發癥:complication
  營養性貧血:nutritional anemia
  各種維生素缺乏癥:various kinds of avitaminosis
  感染:infections
  低血糖:hypoglycemia
  診斷標準:standard of dignosis
  分型:types
  分度:degrees
  實驗室檢查:laboratory examination
  鑒別診斷:differential diagnosis
  治療原則:therapeutic principle
  綜合治療comprehensive treatment
  治療方法:therapeutic method
  關于醫學的英文方面可以參考醫學英語:www.hope.net.cn/english/index.html 上有關文章。
  積極治療原發病:cure the primary disease
  飲食治療:diet therapy
  藥物治療:drug treatment
  支持治療:supporting therapy
  危重癥處理:treatment in crises
  度營養不良伴腹瀉時的治療severe mal nutrition companied by diarrhea
  營養不良性水腫的治療nutritional edema
  蛋白質缺乏綜合癥(惡心營養不良綜合癥)kwashiorkor
  添加輔食:instruction of solid food
  睡眠充足:sufficient sleeping
  防治先天性疾病和小兒急性傳染病:prevention and treatment of congenital diseases and acute infectious diseases
  孕期保健與產前診斷:health care in pregnancy and prenatal diagnosis
  新生兒篩查:neonatal screening
  治療先天性疾病:cure congenital diseases
  按時預防接種:vaccination on time
  定期體格檢查:regular physical examination
  營養障礙性疾病dystrophy
  病因及病理生理:etiological factor and pathophysiology
  單純性肥胖:simple obesity
  攝入過多:excessive intake
  活動過少:lack of movement
  家族遺傳:inheritance
  神經、精神因素:nervous and mental factors
  繼發性肥胖:secondary obesity
  膝外翻genu valgum
  扁平足fallen arch
  性發育較早:early sexual development
  實驗室檢查:laboratory examinations
  膽固醇cholesterol
  甘油三酯triglyceride
  β脂蛋白beta lipoprotein
  胰島素insulin
  生長激素growth hormone
  診斷標準:standard of diagnosis
  輕度mild 


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