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中華人民共和國金銀管理條例Regulations of the PRC on the Control of Gold and Silver 

 

From:青島希尼爾翻譯公司 http://www.eacrwc.tw  Date: 2014-11-17

 

 第一條 為加強對金銀的管理,保證國家經濟建設對金銀的需要,取締金銀走私和投機倒把活動,特制定本條例。

  Article 1. These Regulations are formulated to strengthen control over gold and silver, to guarantee the State's gold and silver requirements for its economic development and to outlaw gold and silver smuggling and speculation and profiteering activities.

  第二條 本條例所稱金銀,包括:

  Article 2. Reference to gold and silver in these Regulations includes:

  (一)礦藏生產金銀和冶煉副產金銀;

  (1) gold and silver extracted during the mining of ore deposits and gold and silver as a by-product of smelting;

  (二)金銀條、塊、錠、粉;

  (2) gold and silver bars, bullion, ingots and powder;

  (三)金銀鑄幣;

  (3) gold and silver coins;

  (四)金銀制品和金基、銀基合金制品;

  (4) gold and silver articles and gold or silver-based alloy articles;

  (五)化工產品中含的金銀;

  (5) gold and silver contained in chemical products;

  (六)金銀邊角余料及廢渣、廢液、廢料中含的金銀。

  (6) leftover bits and pieces of gold and silver and gold and silver contained in waste residue, waste liquid and waste solids.

  鉑(即白金),按照國家有關規定管理。

  Platinum (white gold) shall be controlled in accordance with the relevant regulations of the People's Republic of China.

  屬于金銀質地的文物,按照《中華人民共和國文物法》的規定管理。

  Cultural relics containing gold and silver shall be controlled in accordance with the Law of the People's Republic of China Governing Cultural Relics.

  第三條 國家對金銀實行統一管理、統購統配的政策。

  Article 3. The State shall pursue a policy of unified control, monopoly purchase and distribution of gold and silver.

  中華人民共和國境內的機關、部隊、團體、學校,國營企業、事業單位,城鄉集體經濟組織(以下統稱境內機構)的一切金銀的收入和支出,都納入國家金銀收支計劃。

  The total income and expenditure of gold and silver of State organs, the armed forces, organizations, schools, State enterprises, institutions and collective urban and rural economic organizations (hereinafter referred to as domestic units) shall be incorporated into the State plan for the receipt and expenditure of gold and silver.

  第四條 國家管理金銀的主管機關為中國人民銀行。

  Article 4. The People's Bank of China shall be the State organ responsible for the control of gold and silver in the People's Republic of China.

  中國人民銀行負責管理國家金銀儲備;負責金銀的收購與配售;會同國家物價主管機關制定和管理金銀收購與配售價格;會同國家有關主管機關審批經營(包括加工、銷售)金銀制品、含金銀化工產品以及從含金銀的廢渣、廢液、廢料中回收金銀的單位(以下統稱經營單位),管理和檢查金銀市場;監督本條例的實施。

  The People's Bank of China shall be responsible for the control of the State's gold and silver reserves; responsible for the purchase and sale of gold and silver; work in conjunction with the authority responsible for commodity prices to formulate and administer a purchase and sales price for gold and silver; work in conjunction with the competent department to examine and approve the operations (including processing and sales) of units (hereinafter referred to as managing units) dealing in gold and silver products, chemical products containing gold and silver, the recovery of gold and silver from residual liquid and solid wastes; control and inspect the gold and silver market and supervise the implementation of these Regulations.

  第五條 境內機構所持的金銀,除經中國人民銀行許可留用的原材料、設備、器皿、紀念品外,必須全部交售給中國人民銀行,不得自行處理、占有。

  Article 5. All gold and silver held by domestic units, with the exception of raw materials, equipment, household utensils and mementos which the People's Bank of China has permitted to be kept, must be sold to the People's Bank of China. No gold and silver may be personally disposed of or kept without authorization.

  第六條 國家保護個人持有合法所得的金銀。

  Article 6. All gold and silver legally gained by individuals shall come under the protection of the State.

  第七條 在中華人民共和國境內,一切單位和個人不得計價使用金銀,禁止私相買賣和借貸抵押金銀。

  Article 7. No unit or individual within the territory of the People's Republic of China shall use gold and silver as a pricing unit. Private trading of gold and silver and the use of gold and silver as loan or as mortgage property shall be forbidden.

  第二章 對金銀收購的管理

  CHAPTER II CONTROL OF GOLD AND SILVER PURCHASES

  第八條 金銀的收購,統一由中國人民銀行辦理。除經中國人民銀行許可、委托的以外,任何單位和個人不得收購金銀。

  Article 8. All gold and silver purchases shall be transacted through the People's Bank of China. No unit or individual shall purchase gold and silver unless authorised or entrusted to do so by the People's Bank of China.

  第九條 從事金銀生產(包括礦藏生產和冶煉副產)的廠礦企業、農村社隊、部隊和個人所采煉的金銀,必須全部交售給中國人民銀行,不得自行銷售、交換和留用。

  Article 9. All gold and silver extracted in the course of operations (including the production of ore deposits and as by-products of smelting) by industrial enterprises, rural commune production units, the armed forces and individuals shall be sold to the People's Bank of China. No gold and silver shall be personally sold, exchanged or kept.

  前款所列生產單位,對生產過程中的金銀成品和半成品,必須按照有關規定加強管理,不得私自銷售和處理。

  All the above-mentioned production units shall, in accordance with the relevant regulations, strengthen control over finished and semi-finished gold and silver articles in their production process. They may not sell or otherwise dispose of such articles themselves.

  第十條 國家鼓勵經營單位和使用金銀的單位,從伴生金銀的礦種和含金銀的廢渣、廢液、廢料中回收金銀。

  Article 10. The State shall encourage managing units and units that utilise gold and silver to recover gold and silver from associated mineral ores and from residual liquid and solid wastes.

  前款所列單位必須將回收的金銀交售給中國人民銀行,不得自行銷售、交換和留用。但是,經中國人民銀行許可,使用金銀的單位將回收的金銀重新利用的除外。

  All the gold and silver recovered by the above-mentioned units must be sold to the People's Bank of China. Such units may not sell, exchange or keep any of the said gold and silver. Units that utilise gold and silver may, however, with the permission of the People's Bank of China, reuse the recovered gold and silver.

  第十一條 境內機構從國外進口的金銀和礦產品中采煉的副產金銀,除經中國人民銀行允許留用的或者按照規定用于進料加工復出口的金銀以外,一律交售給中國人民銀行,不得自行銷售、交換和留用。

  Article 11. All gold and silver refined by domestic units as a by-product from imported gold, silver or ore materials, with the exception of gold and silver kept with the permission of the People's Bank of China or that for re-export following processing, must be sold to the People's Bank of China. Such units may not sell, exchange or keep any of the said gold and silver.

  第十二條 個人出售金銀,必須賣給中國人民銀行。

  Article 12. All gold and silver sold by individuals must be sold to the People's Bank of China.

  第十三條 一切出土無主金銀,均為國家所有,任何單位和個人不得熔化、銷毀或占有。

  Article 13. All excavated gold and silver without legal owners shall become State property. No unit or individual shall melt down, destroy by melting or burning or take possession of the said gold or silver.

  單位和個人發現的出土無主金銀,經當地文化行政管理部門鑒定,除有歷史文物價值的按照《中華人民共和國文物法》的規定辦理外,必須交給中國人民銀行收兌,價款上繳國庫。

  All excavated gold and silver without legal owners found by a unit or individual shall be appraised by the local cultural administration department and, with the exception of any article valued as an historic or cultural relic which shall be handled in accordance with the Law of the People's Republic of China Governing Cultural Relics, handed over to the People's Bank of China, and following evaluation the sum shall be paid into the Treasury.

  第十四條 公安、司法、海關、工商行政管理、稅務等國家機關依法沒收的金銀,一律交售給中國人民銀行,不得自行處理或者以其他實物頂替。沒收的金銀價款按照有關規定上繳國庫。

  Article 14. All gold and silver confiscated by State organizations in the areas of public security, the judiciary, customs, industrial and commercial administration, taxation office, and other authorities shall be sold to the People's Bank of China. It may not be disposed of by these organizations or replaced by any other material object. In accordance with the relevant regulations, the sale price of the confiscated gold and silver shall be paid into the Treasury.

  第三章 對金銀配售的管理

  CHAPTER III CONTROL OF ALLOCATED SALES OF GOLD AND SILVER

  第十五條 凡需用金銀的單位,必須按照規定程序向中國人民銀行提出申請使用金銀的計劃,由中國人民銀行審批、供應。

  Article 15. All units that need to use gold and silver shall, in accordance with regulation procedures, file an application with the People's Bank of China stating the planned use of the gold or silver and shall be supplied upon its approval.

  中國人民銀行應當按照批準的計劃供應,不得隨意減售或拖延。

  The People's Bank of China shall supply the gold and silver in accordance with the approved plan and shall not reduce or delay the supply at will.

  第十六條 中華人民共和國境內的外資企業、中外合資企業以及外商,訂購金銀制品或者加工其他含金銀產品,要求在國內供應金銀者,必須按照規定程序提出申請,由中國人民銀行審批予以供應。

  Article 16. Wholly foreign owned enterprises, Sino-foreign joint ventures and foreign investors operating within the territory of the People's Republic of China who purchase gold and silver products or process goods containing gold and silver and thus wish to acquire gold and silver supplies in China shall make an application according to the specified procedures, to be submitted to the People's Bank of China for approval and fulfilment of the request.

  第十七條 使用金銀的單位,必須建立使用制度,嚴格做到專項使用、結余交回。未經中國人民銀行許可,不得把金銀原料(包括半成品)轉讓或者移作他用。

  Article 17. All units using gold and silver shall establish a utilization system whereby the amount used for a particular item is strictly controlled and the surplus returned. Possession of raw gold and silver materials (including semi-finished products) shall not be transferred, nor shall the said materials be used for any other purpose without the permission of the People's Bank of China.

  第十八條 在本條例規定范圍內,中國人民銀行有權對使用金銀的單位進行監督和檢查。使用金銀的單位應當向中國人民銀行據實提供有關使用金銀的情況和資料。

  Article 18. The People's Bank of China shall, within the scope of these Regulations, have the right to supervise and examine all units utilising gold and silver. The said units shall provide the People's Bank of China with accurate information concerning operations and their usage of gold and silver.

  第四章 對經營單位和個體

  CHAPTER IV CONTROL OF MANAGING UNITS AND INDIVIDUAL SILVERSMITHS

  銀匠的管理 第十九條 申請經營(包括加工、銷售)金銀制品、含金銀化工商品以及從含金銀的廢渣、廢液、廢料中回收金銀的單位,必須按照國家有關規定和審批程序,經中國人民銀行和有關主管機關審查批準,在工商行政管理機關登記發給營業執照后,始得營業。

  Article 19. All units that have applied to deal in (including processing and sales) gold and silver products, chemical products containing gold and silver and gold and silver recovered from residual liquid and solid wastes shall, in accordance with the relevant regulations and procedures for examination and approval set by the People's Republic of China, be investigated and approved by the People's Bank of China and the relevant competent departments. Operations may be begun following registration with the State Administration for Industry and Commerce and the issuing of a business licence.

  第二十條 經營單位必須按照批準的金銀業務范圍從事經營,不得擅自改變經營范圍,不得在經營中克扣、挪用和套購金銀。

  Article 20. Managing units shall operate their gold and silver business within its ratified scope. No unauthorised changes shall be made to the scope of operations, nor shall gold and silver be embezzled, misappropriated or purchased illegally in the course of operations.

  第二十一條 金銀質地紀念幣的鑄造、發行由中國人民銀行辦理,其他任何單位不得鑄造、仿造和發行。

  Article 21. The casting and issuing of gold and silver-based commemorative coins shall be handled by the People's Bank of China. No other units shall cast, copy or issue such items.

  金銀質地紀念章(牌)的出口經營,由中國人民銀行和中華人民共和國對外經濟貿易部分別辦理。

  The export of gold and silver-based commemorative badges (plaques) shall be handled separately by the People's Bank of China and the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations and Trade.

  第二十二條 委托、寄售商店,不得收購或者寄售金銀制品、金銀器材。珠寶商店可以收購供出口銷售的帶有金銀鑲嵌的珠寶飾品,但是不得收購、銷售金銀制品和金銀器材。金銀制品由中國人民銀行收購并負責供應外貿出口。

  Article 22. Commission shops and second-hand shops shall not purchase or sell gold and silver articles and equipment. Jewellers may purchase for export jewel ornaments inlaid with gold and silver, but shall not purchase or sell gold and silver articles and materials. The People's Bank of China is responsible for the purchase and supply for the export trade of gold and silver products.

  第二十三條 邊疆少數民族地區和沿海僑眷比較集中地區的個體銀匠,經縣或者縣級以上中國人民銀行以及工商行政管理機關批準,可以從事代客加工和修理金銀制品的業務,但不得收購和銷售金銀制品。

  Article 23. Individual silversmiths in the borderland minority nationality regions and in the coastal areas where relatives of overseas Chinese live in relatively concentrated communities may, with the approval of the People's Bank of China at county level or above and the State Administration for Industry and Commerce, engage in the making and repairing of gold and silver articles for individuals, but shall not purchase and sell gold and silver articles.

  第二十四條 國家允許個人郵寄金銀飾品,具體管理辦法由中國人民銀行會同中華人民共和國郵電部制定。

  (from:法律英語考試網 http://www.chinalawedu.com/classroom/flyy/ )

  Article 24. The State shall permit individuals to mail gold and silver ornaments in accordance with specific control methods formulated by People's Bank of China and the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications.

  第五章 對金銀進出國境的管理

  CHAPTER V CONTROL OF GOLD AND SILVER TAKEN INTO OR OUT OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA

  第二十五條 攜帶金銀進入中華人民共和國國境,數量不受限制,但是必須向入境地中華人民共和國海關申報登記。

  Article 25. No restriction shall be imposed on the amount of gold and silver brought into the People's Republic of China, but declaration and registration must be made to the Customs authorities of the People's Republic of China upon entry.

  第二十六條 攜帶或者復帶金銀出境,中華人民共和國海關憑中國人民銀行出具的證明或者原入境時的申報單登記的數量查驗放行;不能提供證明的或者超過原入境時申報登記數量的,不許出境。

  Article 26. Inspection and clearance by the People's Republic of China Customs of gold and silver taken or retaken abroad shall be made in accordance with the amount shown on the certificate issued by the People's Bank of China or the original declaration and registration form made on entry. All gold and silver without a covering certificate or in excess of the amount declared and registered upon entry shall not be allowed to be taken out of the country.

  第二十七條 攜帶在中華人民共和國境內供應旅游者購買的金銀飾品(包括鑲嵌飾品、工藝品、器皿等)出境,中華人民共和國海關憑國內經營金銀制品的單位開具的特種發貨票查驗放行。無憑據的,不許出境。

  Article 27. Gold and silver ornaments (including gold and silver inlaid work, handicraft articles, household utensils etc.) taken out of the People's Republic of China by tourists who have purchased the said article in the People's Republic of China shall be inspected and cleared by the People's Republic of China Customs upon the showing of a "Special Receipt" issued by a Chinese unit dealing in gold and silver articles. If a "Special Receipt" cannot be produced the article shall not be allowed to be taken out of the country.

  第二十八條 在中華人民共和國境內的中國人、外國僑民和無國籍人出境定居,每人攜帶金銀的限額為:

  Article 28. When Chinese citizens, foreign nationals or Stateless persons residing in the People's Republic of China wish to leave the People's Republic of China to live permanently abroad the maximum amount per person of gold and silver which may be taken out of the People's Republic of China is:

  黃金飾品1市兩(3125克),

  gold ornaments, 1 liang (31.25 grams)

  白銀飾品10市兩(31250克),

  silver ornaments, 10 liang (312.50 grams)

  銀質器皿20市兩(625克)。

  silver utensils, 20 liang (625 grams)

  經中華人民共和國海關查驗符合規定限額的放行。

  An inspection shall be made by the People's Republic of China Customs and clearance given only to amounts that conform to regulations.

  第二十九條 中華人民共和國境內的外資企業、中外合資企業,從國外進口金銀作產品原料的,其數量不限;

  Article 29. There shall be no limit placed on the amount of gold and silver imported as raw materials for production by wholly foreign owned enterprises and Sino-foreign joint ventures.

  出口含金銀量較高的產品,須經中國人民銀行核準后放行。

  Products for export which contain a relatively high percentage of gold and silver must first be examined and approved by the People's Bank of China.

  未經核準或者超過核準出口數量的,不許出境。

  Exit clearance shall not be given without the People's Bank of China's ratification or should the amount exceed the approved export quantity.

  第六章 獎勵與懲罰

  CHAPTER VI AWARDS AND PENALTIES

  第三十條 有下列事跡的單位或者個人,國家給予表彰或者適當的物質獎勵:

  Article 30. Units or individuals who make the following contributions shall be cited or given appropriate material rewards by the State:

  (一)認真執行國家金銀政策法令,在金銀回收或者管理工作中做出顯著成績的;

  (1) those who conscientiously carry out State policies and decrees in relation to gold and silver and make a marked contribution to the recovery or control of gold and silver;

  (二)為保護國家金銀與走私、投機倒把等違法犯罪行為堅決斗爭,事跡突出的;

  (2) those who contribute prominently towards the protection of the State's gold and silver reserves and the struggle against smuggling, speculation, profiteering and other illegal activities;

  (三)發現出土無主金銀及時上報或者上交,對國家有貢獻的;

  (3) those who make contributions to the State by immediately declaring or handing in excavated gold and silver without a legal owner;

  (四)將個人收藏的金銀捐獻給國家的。

  (4) those who donate a personal collection of gold and silver to the State.

  第三十一條 違反本條例的下列行為,根據情節輕重,分別由中國人民銀行、工商行政管理機關和海關按照各自的職責權限給予以下處罰:

  Article 31. Violations of these Regulations in the following ways shall, in accordance with the severity of the action, bring penalties imposed by the People's Bank of China, the State Administration for Industry and Commerce and Customs authorities within the limits of each body's authority.

  (一)違反本條例第八、九、十、十一條規定,擅自收購、銷售、交換和留用金銀的,由中國人民銀行或者工商行政管理機關予以強制收購或者貶值收購。

  (1) In relation to violations of Articles 8, 9, 10 and 11 of these Regulations involving the unauthorised purchase, sale, exchange or possession of gold and silver, the People's Bank of China or the State Administration for Industry and Commerce may force a purchase or purchase the gold and silver at a devalued price.

  情節嚴重的,工商行政管理機關可并處以罰款,或者單處以沒收。

  Should the cases be serious the State Administration for Industry and Commerce may also impose a fine or simply confiscate the gold and silver.

  違反本條例第八、九、十、十一條規定的,工商行政管理機關可另處以吊銷營業執照。

  In addition, the State Administration for Industry and Commerce may withdraw the business licence of any party who violates Article 8, 9, 10 or 11 of these Regulations.

  (二)違反本條例第十三條規定,私自熔化、銷毀、占有出土無主金銀的,由中國人民銀行追回實物或者由工商行政管理機關處以罰款。

  (2) In relation to violations of Article 13 of these Regulations involving the unauthorised melting down, destruction by melting or burning or the keeping of excavated gold and silver without a legal owner, the People's Bank of China may recover the material object or the State Administration for Industry and Commerce may impose a fine.

  (三)違反本條例第十七條規定擅自改變使用用途或者轉讓金銀原材料的,由中國人民銀行予以警告,或者追回已配售的金銀。情節嚴重的,處以罰款直至停止供應。

  (3) In relation to violations of Article 17 of these Regulations, involving unauthorised changes to the utilisation of or the transferral of raw gold and silver materials, the People's Bank of China may issue a warning or recover the gold and silver already sold. Should the case be serious a fine may be imposed or supply may be discontinued.

  (四)違反本條例第十九、二十、二十一、二十二、二十三條規定,未經批準私自經營的,或者擅自改變經營范圍的,或者套購、挪用、克扣金銀的,由工商行政管理機關處以罰款或者沒收。情節嚴重的,可并處以吊銷營業執照、責令停業。

  (4) In relation to violations of Articles 19, 20, 21, 22 and 23 of these Regulations, involving unauthorised business operations, unauthorised changes to the scope of operations, the embezzlement, misappropriation or illegal purchasing of gold and silver, the State Administration for Industry and Commerce may impose a fine or confiscate the gold and silver. Should the case be serious, the business licence may be withdrawn and demands made for the operation to close down.

  (五)違反本條例第七條規定,將金銀計價使用、私相買賣、借貸抵押的,由中國人民銀行或者工商行政管理機關予以強制收購或者貶值收購。情節嚴重的,由工商行政管理機關處以罰款或者沒收。

  (5) In relation to violations of Article 7 of these Regulations, involving the use of gold and silver as a pricing unit or as a loan mortgage property or engaging in the private trade of gold and silver, the People's Bank of China or the State Administration for Industry and Commerce may force a purchase or purchase the gold and silver at a devalued price. Should the case be serious the State Administration for Industry and Commerce may impose a fine or confiscate the gold and silver.

  (六)違反本條例第五章有關金銀進出國境管理規定或者用各種方法偷運金銀出境的,由海關依據本條例和國家海關法規處理。

  (6) In relation to violations of the provisions of Chapter 5 of these Regulations, involving the control of gold and silver taken into or out of China or as regards any methods used to smuggle gold and silver out of the People's Republic of China, Customs authorities shall deal with cases in accordance with these Regulations and the customs laws and regulations of the People's Republic of China.

  (七)違反本條例第十四條規定的,由中國人民銀行予以收兌。對直接責任人員由有關單位追究行政責任。

  (7) In relation to violations of Article 14 of these Regulations, the People's Bank of China shall purchase the said gold and silver. The administrative liability of those directly responsible shall be investigated by the relevant unit.

  第三十二條 違反本條例規定,已構成犯罪行為的,由司法機關依法追究刑事責任。

  Article 32. When violations of these Regulations constitute a criminal offence, the judicial organs shall, in accordance with the law, investigate and determine criminal liability.

  第七章 附 則

  CHAPTER VII APPENDIX

  第三十三條 本條例的施行細則,由中國人民銀行會同國務院有關部門制定。

  Article 33. Detailed rules for the implementation of these Regulations shall be formulated by the People's Republic of China in conjunction with the relevant departments of the State Council.

  第三十四條 邊疆少數民族地區的金銀管理需要作某些變通規定的,由有關省、自治區人民政府會同中國人民銀行根據本條例制定。

  Article 34. Necessary adaptations of regulations for the control of gold and silver in the borderland minority nationality regions shall be formulated in accordance with these Regulations by the relevant county or autonomous region People's Government, in conjunction with the People's Bank of China.

  第三十五條 本條例自發布之日起施行。過去有關部門制定的金銀管理辦法即行廢止。

  Article 35. These Regulations shall come into effect from the date of promulgation. All previous procedures for the control of gold and silver formulated by the relevant departments shall cease to apply henceforth.


編輯:青島希尼爾翻譯公司翻譯部 2014-11-17

中英對照法規  英文法規    中華人民共和國金銀管理條例Regulations of the PRC on the Control of Gold and Silver    中英雙語

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