Article 1. Pursuant to the Constitution, this Law is formulated with a view to
improving the urban residents committees as an institution, enabling urban
residents to administer their own affairs in accordance with the law, promoting
socialist democracy at the grassroots level in the cities, and furthering
socialist material development and the building of an advanced socialist culture
and ideology in urban areas.
Article 2. An urban residents committee shall be a mass organization for self
government at the grassroots level, in which the residents manage their own
affairs, educate themselves, and serve their own needs.
The people's government of a city not divided into districts or of a municipal
district or an agency of such a people's government shall provide guidance,
support and help for the residents committees in their work. The residents
committees shall, on their part, assist the above people's government or agency
in its work.
Article 3. The tasks of a residents committee shall include:
(1) publicizing the Constitution, the laws, the regulations and the state
policies, safeguarding the lawful rights and interests of the residents,
educating the residents for the fulfilment of their statutory obligations and
for the protection of public property, and conducting various forms of
activities for the development of an advanced socialist culture and ideology;
(2) handling the public affairs and public welfare services of the residents
in the local residential area;
(3) mediating disputes among the residents;
(4) assisting in the maintenance of public security;
(5) assisting the local people's government or its agency in its work related
to the interests of the residents, such as public health, family planning,
special care for disabled servicemen and for family members of revolutionary
martyrs and servicemen, social relief, and juvenile education; and
(6) conveying the residents' opinions and demands and making suggestions to
the local people's government or its agency.
Article 4. A residents committee shall develop community service activities
for the convenience and benefit of the residents and may also run relevant
A residents committee shall manage its own property; no department or unit may
infringe upon its right of ownership of property.
Article 5. In an area where people from more than one nationality live, the
residents committee shall educate the residents for mutual assistance and mutual
respect to enhance unity between different nationalities.
Article 6. A residents committee shall generally be established for an area
inhabited by 100-700 households on the basis of the distribution of residents
and on the principle of facilitating their self government.
The establishment or dissolution of a residents committee or a readjustment in
the area covered by it shall be decided by the people's government of a city not
divided into districts or of a municipal district.
Article 7. A residents committee shall be composed of 5-9 members, including
the chairman, the vice-chairman (vice-chairmen) and the members. In an area
where people from more than one nationality live, the residents committee shall
include a member or members from the nationality or nationalities with a smaller
Article 8. The chairman, vice-chairman (vice-chairmen) and members of a
residents committee shall be elected by all the residents of a residential area
who have the right to elect or by the representatives from all the households;
on the basis of the opinions of the residents, they may also be elected by the
elected representatives of residents groups numbering 2-3 from each. The term of
office of the residents committee shall be three years, and its members may
continue to hold office when reelected.
Any resident of an residential area who has reached the age of 18 shall have
the right to elect and stand for election, regardless of his ethnic status,
race, sex, occupation, family background, religious belief, education, property
status and length of residence, with the exception of persons who have been
deprived of political rights in accordance with the law.
Article 9. The residents assembly shall be composed of residents at or above
the age of 18.
The residents assembly may be attended by all the residents at or above the
age of 18 or by a representative or representatives of each household; it may
also be attended by the elected representatives of residents groups numbering
2-3 from each.
The residents assembly shall be held only when it is attended by over half of
the total number of the residents at or above the age of 18, or of the
representatives of the households, or of the representatives elected by the
residents groups. Decisions of the residents assembly shall be adopted by a
simple majority of all the people present.
Article 10. The residents committee shall be responsible to the residents
assembly and report on its work to the latter.
The residents assembly shall be convened and presided over by the residents
committee. It shall be convened when proposed by over one-fifth of the residents
at or above the age of 18, by over one-fifth of the number of households, or by
over one-third of the number of residents groups. When important matters
involving the interests of all the residents arise, the residents committee must
refer them to the residents assembly for decision through discussion.
The residents assembly shall have the power to recall members of the residents
committee and hold a by-election.
Article 11. In making decisions, a residents committee shall apply the
principle whereby the minority is subordinate to the majority.
In its work a residents committee shall adopt a democratic approach and shall
not resort to coercion or commandism.
Article 13. A residents committee shall, when necessary, establish
sub-committees for people's mediation, public security, public health and other
matters. Members of the residents committee may concurrently be members of the
sub-committees. A residents committee with a smaller population in its area may
dispense with the sub-committees; instead, members of the residents committee
shall have a division of responsibilities for various types of work.
Article 14. The residents committee may set up residents groups, the heads of
which shall be elected by these groups.
Article 15. Joint pledges of the residents shall be drawn up by the residents
assembly through discussion, reported to the people's government of a city not
divided into districts or of a municipal district or to an agency of either of
them for the record, and implemented under the supervision of the residents
The residents shall observe the decisions of the residents assembly and the
joint pledges of the residents.
The joint pledges of the residents shall not contravene the Constitution, the
laws, the regulations and the state policies.
Article 16. The funds needed by a residents committee for managing public
welfare services in the residential area, upon decision of the residents
assembly through discussion, may be raised from the residents on a voluntary
basis, and may also be raised from beneficiary units in the residential area,
subject to approval by such units;
the accounts of revenues and expenditures shall be made public without delay
for supervision by the residents.
Article 17. The funds needed for the work of a residents committee and their
sources, and the scope, standards and sources of the financial subsidies for
members of the residents committee shall be specified by the people's government
of a city not divided into districts or of a municipal district, or by the
people's government at a higher level, and the money shall be provided by it.
With the approval of the residents assembly, appropriate subsidies may be
granted by using some of the residents committee's financial revenues.
The office premises for a residents committee shall be made available by the
local people's government through overall planning.
Article 18. Persons who have been deprived of political rights in accordance
with the law shall be included in residents groups. The residents committee
shall exercise supervision over them and give them ideological education.
Article 19. State organs, public organizations, units of the armed forces,
enterprises and institutions shall not join the organizations of the residents
committees in their localities, but they shall support the work of these
residents committees. When the residents committees in their localities discuss
problems related to them and their presence becomes necessary, these units shall
send representatives to the meetings. In the meantime, these units shall abide
by the relevant decisions of the residents committees and the joint pledges of
The staff and workers of the units specified in the preceding paragraph and
their family members, and servicemen and dependents living with them shall join
the residents committees in their residential areas; in areas where such
families live in compact communities, dependents committees may be established
separately to assume the responsibilities of the residents committees and
conduct their work under the guidance of the people's governments of cities not
divided into districts or of municipal districts, their agencies or the units
they belong to.
Article 20. If a relevant department under the people's government of a
municipality or a municipal district, in its work, needs the cooperation of a
residents committee or one of its sub-committees, it shall seek the approval of
the people's government of the municipality or of the municipal district or an
agency of either of them, which shall make unified arrangements.
The relevant departments under the people's government of a municipality or a
municipal district may give professional guidance to the relevant sub-committees
of the residents committees.
Article 21. This Law shall apply to the residents committees established in
the localities under the people's governments of townships, nationality
townships or towns.
Article 22. Measures for the implementation of this Law shall be formulated,
in accordance with this Law, by the standing committees of the people's
congresses of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under
the Central Government.
Article 23. This Law shall enter into force on January 1, 1990. The Organic
Regulations of the Urban Residents Committees, adopted by the Standing Committee
of the National People's Congress on December 31, 1954, shall be abrogated as of
the same date.